How Many Keys in an Octave? – 2023

how many keys in an octave

Human society has always included music, which serves as a means of both amusement and emotional expression. Scales are the cornerstone of melody and harmony and the basis of music theory. A music is known by its notes and scale.

How Many Keys in an Octave? is a crucial question of musical scales. The distance between two notes with the same letter name but a different pitch is known as an octave. The size of the keyboard and the range of notes depend on how many keys are in an octave.

The majority of pianos are older models from the 1970s and 1980s with fewer keys. Because they are less expensive and take up less space in a home. Additionally, the piano has evolved over time into an electronic form with characteristics like different keys.

Keys in an Octave:

In this post, we will discuss various versions of the piano with its different keys and octaves. In the end, you will be able to know how many keys are in an octave.

What is an octave?

The name octave is obtained from the Latin word “Octo,” which means “Eight.” In music, the term “octave” can indicate two different things the Scale and Interval. An octave scale is a group of notes, repeating seven notes of any specific scale into you come on the note you began on, but one octave above.

what is an octave

Extra Small Keyboards: 25 – 37 Keys (2 – 3 Octaves)

Extra small piano keyboards are principally used for composing an electronic tune. They have composed of spring-loaded keys, and these devices do not make a sound.

These keyboards are designed not for performance but for composition. You can plug them into a machine via USB or MIDI and utilize a Cubase program to compose music.

You would not employ a keyboard similar to this to get or practice on, and they are mainly used for composition—for instance, the AKAI LPK25 laptop performance-oriented keyboard.

Small Keyboards: 49 Keys (4 Octaves)

Small keyboards are a scale-up from the earlier stated models but are still notably primary. They come with a spring-loaded effect but are designed for practice and learning to come with introductory notes.

small Keyboards

These keyboards are specially designed for beginners who are contemplating to begin playing without blowing too much money.

Realistically, these keyboards would not serve you for a long time, and you will immediately discard them if you are earnest regarding your music-making. So the Casio CTK 240 Portable Keyboard is the best option for beginners.

Medium Keyboards: 61 Keys (5 Octaves)

If you have just begun learning on the piano keyboard, it is the best one you certainly want to start with it. It owns the standard size for the modern electronic keyboards and has 49 keys size except being somewhat more extensive.

You would also get that studio and gig composers always keep these piano keyboards, as their scope is big enough for the most incredible pop music, but they also outlast compact and handy. For instance, the Yamaha PSR F51 and Yamaha PSR E463 are the best ones.

Medium Large Keyboards: 76 Keys (6 ½ Octaves)

Medium-large keyboards are mainly made of determined musicians to practice and perform. These 76 keys piano keyboards are also best for beginners to play and also for the average one. Plus, keyboards at this stage are features with touch feeling and heavy keys.

medium large keyboards

Though if you grow to an extraordinary level, you will finally abandon these models. But these models are best to learn when you are at the beginner or intermediate level.

Suppose you are the best in 76 Key digital pianos and looking to purchase one of its best models. Then the Yamaha Piaggero NP12 and Casio WK240 are suitable options for you.

Standard Keyboards: 88 Keys (7 Octaves)

In the 1880s, the piano manufacturer Steinway has made the 88-key piano. While the other manufacturers have followed the same as Steinway’s model is a standard.

These full-size digital piano keyboards feature the full range of 88 keys, 52 white keys, and 36 black keys, the sharp and the flats, respectively. Their white keys define the musical tones, while the black keys represent half-step intervals.

Plus, each octave owns five black keys and seven white keys, which make up 12 notes. If you want to be experienced playing piano for a long time, you must opt for this best size. The Yamaha U1, an acoustic version, and Yamaha YDP 144 are digital are the most suitable ones.

Extra Large Keyboards: 96 Keys (8 Octaves)

Lastly, one or two high-quality models are available in the market, and generally, you would not find such a giant piano keyboard with these range keys. Moreover, modern and classical music calls for 96 keys to compose the most pleasant and melodic tunes on this extra-large keyboard.

extra large keyboards

Similarly, for classical music, 96 keys piano keyboard is significant. This decent electric piano provides incredible pleasure during playing. These keyboards are also the best for electronic and digital music, composing, and pragmatic considerations.

Final Words of How Many Keys in an Octave

In conclusion, an important consideration in both music theory and instrument design is the number of keys in an octave. It has an impact on the playing, composing, and performing of music. In this article, we have answered the question of How Many Keys in an Octave?

Anyone interested in a career in music needs to understand what an octave is and how many keys it contains. No matter how many keys there in an octave, people all around the world will continue to be enthralled and inspired by the beauty and power of music.

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